- 1 About the purebred Arabian horse
- 2 The origin of the Arabian horse
- 3 Characteristics of the purebred Arabian horse
- 4 families of Arabian horses
- 5 The importance of the purebred Arabian horse
About the purebred Arabian horse
Purebred Arabian horses are considered one of the oldest breeds of horses in the world, as they date back to 5,000 BC, and their origins go back to the desert regions in the Middle East from which they spread to all parts of the world. Arabian horses are distinguished by their relatively small size, a small concave head, and large dark eyes. And wide nostrils, and a short back, and soft hair, in addition to a high tail, and strong legs and hooves, and the gray color is one of the most common colors.
The origin of the Arabian horse
Historians differed about the place where the Arabian horse originated, as some believe that its origin dates back to the wild horse that was found in northern Syria, southern Turkey, and some areas that extend to the east, and that the moderate climatic conditions and the abundance of rain in the regions of the Fertile Crescent formed an ideal environment for the growth of these horses. While other historians believe that the Arabian horse originated in the southwestern part of the Arabian Peninsula, and despite the inability of specialists to determine the period in which the horse was domesticated and used for various purposes such as work and riding, there is evidence indicating that the Arabs were able to do so by 1,500 BC. From the mastery of dealing with these horses, which became the forefront of the breed that was later known as the Arabian horse.
The Arabs preserved the purity of the breed of Arabian horses by maintaining interbreeding among them, which resulted in them being distinguished by unique characteristics and qualities. This is due to the Bedouins sharing the Arabian horses in their tents, food and water, which led to the emergence of a close bond between humans and these horses.
To learn about the places where Arabian horses live, you can read the article Where are the best Arabian horses .
Characteristics of the purebred Arabian horse
The following shows the most important characteristics that distinguish purebred Arabian horses from other horses:
- Long life: Purebred Arabian horses are distinguished by their long life, and their ability to maintain their strength even with advanced age, in addition to their high fertility, and the small number of foals that are born dead or sick. To learn about the age of horses in general, you can read the article How many years does a horse live ?
- Endurance: Arabian horses are distinguished by their strong endurance, and their ability to reach the finish line in various races while they are in good condition without overheating and in a shorter period than that needed by other types of horses, thanks to their solid, dense bones and strong tendons. To learn more information about Horse power In general, you can read the horse power article .
- Disease resistance: Arabian horses are generally not distinguished by exceptional disease resistance compared to other horses, but they have a high ability to recover from diseases due to their strong will represented in their struggle to survive, in addition to their good response to treatment unlike other horse breeds.
To find out more information about the characteristics and characteristics of horses in general, you can read the article Horse characteristics in general .
Arabian horse families
Arabian horses are divided into a group of families, which are:
- Al-Kahilan breed: The horses of the Al-Kahilan breed are characterized by a masculine character in terms of strength and size, with an average height of 152.4 cm. They have a short head, a wide forehead and jaw, and are usually found in gray and chestnut colors.
- The Saqlawi dynasty: The Saqlawi dynasty horses are characterized by a feminine appearance and grace, and they have good bones, longer faces and necks compared to the Al-Kahilan dynasty horses, but they are smaller than them, as they reach a height of approximately 144.2 cm. They are more famous for their speed than they are for their endurance.
- Al-Obyan breed: The horses of the Al-Obyan breed are distinguished by their small size, as their height often does not exceed 144.2 cm. They are usually gray in color with the appearance of some white spots. They are also distinguished by their long back compared to other Arabian horse breeds.
- Al-Hamdani dynasty: The horses of the Al-Hamdani dynasty are considered one of the largest factions of Arabian horses in size, with a height of 154.4 cm. One of the most common colors is gray, and these horses have a straight head.
- The Hadban breed: The horses of the Hadban breed are similar to the Hamdanian horses, except that they are smaller in size, with an average height of 145.2 cm. They are distinguished by their large bones and strong muscular structure, and one of their most common colors is brown.
To learn about other types of horses, you can read the article Types of Horses .
The importance of the purebred Arabian horse
In addition to its beauty and appearance, the Arabian horse is distinguished by many characteristics that make it a desirable horse. It is a smart, quick-learning, and high-spirited horse, but it becomes aggressive if it is subjected to bad treatment. It is worth noting that the Europeans were keen to import Arabian horses with the aim of using them to improve the genetic group For other breeds and types of horses, today, purebred Arabian horses spread all over the world, and their blood flows in many different breeds. In addition, Arabian horses are famous for being the best breeds of horses participating in speed and endurance races.