- 1 The name of a female horse
- 2 The role of the female horse in the herd
- 3 The most important differences between a female and a male horse
- 4 Information about the female horse
Name of a female horse
In the Arabic language, the word mare and the plural are called horses or horses on a horse, whether it is female or male, except that the word mare is used in the words of the Arabs for the feminine more than for the masculine. about its sex, while a female horse is called (Filly) if it is four years old or less, and (Mare) if it reaches puberty.
For more information about a pony, you can read the Pony Name article
The role of the female horse in the herd
Horses live in societies based on the matriarchal system, as the dominant adult female, or what is known as Alpha, presides over the leadership of the herd, and occupies the safest place in it, as it remains in the midst of it away from predators, while the adult male or what is known as the stallion remains The dominant (Stallion) is on the outskirts of the herd, and it is the place most vulnerable to predators. It should be noted that the herd of wild horses usually consists of one or two stallions, and a group of mares, fillies, and horses of both sexes that have not reached the stage of maturity.
The alpha mare is usually the oldest of the females of the herd, and therefore the most experienced in confrontations and the ability to survive dangers. However, this does not mean that it is necessary to be the largest of them in terms of size and strength of the body, but rather the most capable of imposing its control and subjecting the rest of the herd to its obedience. As for the stallion, it is represented His job is to protect the herd and mate with females to produce offspring, but when he grows up and is unable to perform his duties, he is replaced by a younger stallion, and it is worth noting that the average period of the dominant stallion staying with the herd is approximately two years, but in some cases this may extend to more than 10 years. Years.
For more information about horse breeding, you can read the Horse Breeding article .
The most important differences between a female and a male horse
Horses reach puberty between the twelfth and eighteenth months of their age, but the female horse does not reach full sexual maturity until it reaches its fourth or fifth year, and therefore pregnancy in an early period of its life may expose it to some health problems, while the male horse reaches puberty. The stage of full sexual maturity when he reaches his sixth or seventh year, and it is worth noting that the fertility of the male horse continues throughout his life, while the peak of the reproductive capacity of the female occurs in the period confined between 4-15 years of age, then her fertility decreases at the age of approximately 15-20 years. To find out the average lifespan of a horse, you can read the article How Many Years Does a Horse Live ?
There are many behavioral differences between a female and a male horse, but the most obvious of them are sexual behaviors, and among the most important behaviors and behaviors that appear on the mare during the estrus period, which is the period in which ovulation occurs and the female is ready for mating, are: anxiety, frequent movement, and poor susceptibility To eat, in addition to other signs such as frequent urination, squatting position, and tail raising. As for the male’s sexual behavior, it is represented by raising the nose in the air, pinching the upper lip above the nose, hyperactivity, anxiety, impatience, and vigilance, in addition to smelling and biting the female at times.
For more information about horse behavior and traits, you can read the Horse Traits in General article .
Information about the female horse
The following shows some general information about the female horse:
- The pregnancy of a female horse lasts between 287-419 days, with an average of 335 days, and childbirth often takes place in the spring or fall.
- A female horse usually gives birth to one foal annually, and twins are rarely born.
- The female horse participates in horse races against males, in addition to the presence of female-only races.
- The female horse is considered a seasonally polyestrous animal, and one cycle lasts between two to ten days, and is repeated approximately every 19-26 days.